Knee Osteoarthritis is also named as degenerative knee joint disease. It is a common and frequently-occurring disease among middle-aged and old aged people. The morbidity of this degenerative illness is particularly high among the elderly group and the amount of female patients is more than male patients. Additionally, the main characteristic of this disease is the degenerative and damage of cartilage articular, hyperosteogeny, osteophyte formation of the adjacent subchondral bone plate and joint edge.
The main clinical manifestations of knee osteoarthritis are knee pain, knee swelling, knee stiffness, and knee joint deformation. These distressing symptoms further lead to serious dysfunction of the knee joint and adversely affect the quality of daily life. There are some causes of this joint disease such as for overweight, age, excessive usage, hormonal changes, genetic factor, and systemic disease (rheumatoid arthritis). Currently, the modern medical treatment of early-stage and middle-stage patients is a non-operative treatment which includes taking non-steroid anti-inflammatory Meds, taking glucosamine, injecting sodium hyaluronate into the articular cavity. The treatment of later period patients is mainly artificial joint replacement. However, the usage of non-steroid anti-inflammatory Meds has obvious gastrointestinal and renal side effects. Moreover, surgical therapy has infected risk.
Acupuncture therapy has a significant advantage in treating knee osteoarthritis. Acupuncture treatment can effectively eliminate the swelling, relieving pain for a long time, reduce seizure frequency, and the side effect of acupuncture service is very little. The acupuncture treatment of this disease includes two main types: electro-acupuncture and needle warming moxibustion. The key acupuncture points are Dubi, Neixiyan, Heding, Xuehai, Liangqiu, Zusanli, etc. The treatment duration is 30 minutes every time, 3 times every week, 6 times every treatment course. For electric-acupuncture therapy, the intensity of electric current generally depends on patients’ tolerance degree.
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